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Symptoms and Causes of Vein Disease

Mar 11, 2013 10:54AM ● Published by Lisa Drake

Vein Treatment with Sclerotherapy - Trinity Vein Institute

Symptoms and Causes of Vein Disease
Look beyond the surface

You may have vein disease with no symptoms other than unpleasant looking varicose veins, or you may have symptoms but no recognizable varicose veins. Treatment for unsightly veins is often for cosmetic reasons – to look better! But more often, and more seriously, there are clear and painful symptoms of venous reflux disease.

Varicose veins are more often symptomatic in women than in men. Men most commonly experience itching as a symptom of varicose veins while women generally encounter leg heaviness, tension and aching. Poor blood circulation compromises the skin’s nutrition, causing untreated vein disease to lead to skin disorders including ulcers.

Varicose veins often appear during or after pregnancy. Increased symptoms during menstruation associated with:

  • Pelvic congestion syndrome
  • Ovarian vein reflux
  • May-Thurner Syndrome

Pain and discomfort can preclude you from a healthy, active lifestyle. This introduces many more health issues that can all be prevented just with treating the underlying disease – vein disease.

If your parents had varicose veins, chances are you will too.
Genetics are the main cause of vein disease – but lifestyle is a factor too. If you are on your feet all of the time (for example), this increases the chances you will develop venous disease.

  • Age: Varicose veins usually appear between ages 30 and 70. Once they appear, they get progressively worse.
  • Gender: Women are more likely than men are to develop vein disease (75 percent). Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menses can be a factor as hormones relax vein walls. Hormone replacement therapy or birth control pills may increase the risk of developing varicose veins.
  • Pregnancy: The risk of developing venous disease increases with multiple pregnancies.
  • Obesity: Extra weight increases pressure on your veins, therefore increasing your risk of developing venous disease.
  • Standing for long periods of time: A lifestyle on your feet inhibits good blood circulation from your feet to your heart, therefore blood doesn't flow as well if you're in the same position for long periods of time.
  • Sedentary lifestyle: A lifestyle without physical activity inhibits good blood circulation from your feet to your heart, therefore blood doesn't flow as well if you're in the same position for long periods of time.
  • Family history (genetic predisposition): This is the best predictor of venous reflux disease… if your mother or father had varicose veins, it’s likely you will too.
  • Other causes and risk factors include:
    1. Prior history of blood clot formation in the veins
    2. Trauma
    3. Illness
    4. Surgery
    5. Certain medications

Trinity Vein Institute offers radio frequency (Venefit) and non-thermal ablation (Clarivein) procedures in addition to microphlebectomy (removal of large ropey veins through tiny incisions). Various smaller varicose and spider veins can also be treated with sclerotherapy (injections).

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